if you want to shoot a qualified short video, what equipment is needed
Nowadays, the video field is developing faster and faster, and video shooting has become the second vitality of digital cameras. However, there is a big difference between video shooting and still image shooting. In today’s article, the author will take stock for everyone: if you want to shoot a qualified short video, what equipment is needed.
一. Mainframe and lens
Now the home DV market has shrunk to the end. The first choice for ordinary people to shoot video must be the camera, and the video performance of many cameras and Close to entry-level professional cameras.
Today’s cameras can shoot video, but if we take video shooting as the main purpose, factors that need to be considered include: the camera’s video resolution, video frame rate, whether it has 10bit 4:2:2 video, and whether it can shoot Log video.
How to choose a lens? For video shooting, the needs of the lens are different from the photo shooting. Video shooting does not require a high aperture, so it is not necessary to have a large aperture of F1.4, but the most commonly used focal length for video shooting is a wide angle, such as 16-35mm, and the other is a medium telephoto, such as 50 -135mm lens.
Among today’s camera brands, if you want dedicated users to shoot videos, Panasonic’s camera is the first choice, because the Panasonic body is now the absolute leader in the first echelon in terms of video quality and video functions. And if you are not good at manual focus, and pay special attention to the auto focus of the video, the Sony camera has more advantages in video focus performance.
Second, stabilization equipment
Video shooting has very high requirements for stable equipment. First of all, video shooting cannot always be held by hand. It must be done with the help of a monopod, tripod or stabilizer.
Let’s talk about monopods or tripods. If you are not very demanding, most of the monopods and tripods used for photography are competent, but the video head needs to be replaced when shooting video. The function of the video pan/tilt is to achieve uniform damping changes through oil pressure or hydraulic pressure, so as to achieve the “shaking” movement in the lens, so the video pan/tilt is very important for stabilizing the equipment.
In addition, there are many stabilizers for the choice of stabilizers. Generally speaking, it can be divided into mobile phone stabilizer, micro single stabilizer and SLR stabilizer.
When choosing a stabilizer, we must first consider the carrying capacity of the stabilizer. If we are using a small micro-single, such as Zhiyun WEEBILL-S, DJI Ruying SC and other micro-single stabilizers, it’s fine. But if the equipment we use is heavier, even if it is a mirrorless lens, but if the lens is relatively large, such as using a 24-70mm f/2.8 lens, it is recommended to choose a larger SLR stabilizer, such as Yunhe 3 or Ronin S.
For the stabilizer, there are two more factors to consider. One is whether the stabilizer and the camera model we are using can perform electronic follow-focus on the body, if not, consider buying a follow-focus device; the second is when using the stabilizer, It must be leveled. Although some stabilizers can be leveled fuzzy, strict leveling is more efficient to use.
三、Sound radio equipment
Sound radio equipment is the most easily overlooked video equipment, but video shooting is image + sound , So the radio equipment is very important.
It is far from enough to rely on the built-in microphone for sound reception, so we need an external microphone. The most common microphones include wireless microphones, also known as “little bees”, or directional microphones, which are generally common set-top microphones.
There are many types of microphones, and different microphones are suitable for different shooting scenes. Wireless microphones are generally more suitable for environments such as on-site interviews, online lectures, and live video broadcasts, while set-top microphones are more suitable for some on-site listening environments, such as micro-film recording, multi-person interviews, and so on.
There are many types of set-top microphones, which are mainly distinguished based on directivity. First of all, microphones can be divided into omnidirectional microphones and directional microphones. This type of microphone is generally used for indoor stage reception, and is rarely used for daily video. Recording.
In directional microphones, it can be divided into cardioid, super-cardioid, figure-8, gun-shaped and other different directionalities. In daily shooting, we generally choose cardioid or super-cardioid microphones as the sound receiving equipment. The equipment is more suitable for recording our daily Vlog videos, while the gun-type microphones are more used in environments such as video interviews or movie recording.
Generally, in order to better ensure the sound reception, if the camera has a headphone jack, use monitor headphones to monitor as much as possible to ensure that the sound is correct.
In addition, when shooting outdoors, wind noise is the biggest challenge to the sound collection, so when shooting outdoors, we must use a windshield to reduce wind noise.
Lighting equipment is also very important for video shooting, because video shooting is based on people, so We need to use lighting equipment many times. But lighting equipment is not an essential equipment for daily video recording, but if we want to get better video quality, lighting is essential.
If you go to a film studio like Hengdian, you will find that lighting engineers have a high status in the crew, because lighting engineers, under normal circumstances, do all physical work. Because video lighting requires a huge coverage area, the weight and volume of large lamps are very scary. A good lighting engineer is very important for improving video quality.
But for our daily shooting, we don’t need such a large light. Some small LED fill lights are actually enough.
V. Other kits for video shooting
For daily video shooting, in order to better achieve shooting, some auxiliary accessories are generally needed. The most common accessories include: rabbit cage, monitor, external recorder, teleprompter, strange hand bracket, video transmission, pick rod, etc.
But these devices are not everyday The necessary equipment for video shooting will not be introduced here.
For video shooting, individual combat is very difficult, so if you want to shoot better videos, you must rely on teamwork. Video development is the mainstream trend of the imaging industry today. If you are interested, you can follow us. We will bring you more knowledge introductions in the video field in 2020.
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