In the name of professional, the most powerful three yuan 70-200mm F2.8 development history
The lens we are going to introduce today is Canon’s 70-200mm f/2.8 family. This family is Canon’s most famous ternary lens, and it still ranks among the top three on the list of lens attention. The Canon 70-200mm f/2.8 lens has a long history and has undergone many important changes. Let’s take a look at the past and present of this lens.
01 From fixed focus to zoom
For the lens, the medium-telephoto fixed-focus lens is an easier focal length to achieve. Canon released three in 1948. The telephoto prime lenses are: Serenar 85mm f/2 I, Serenar 100mm f/4 I, Serenar 135mm f/4 I, of course, 135mm also updated Serenar 135mm f/4 II in the same year. The telephoto lens has always occupied an important position in the history of photography, but the arrival of the zoom lens has become particularly important.
Pictured: Serenar 135mm f/4 I
Canon’s first zoom lens was born in December 1963. It is an R-mount SLR lens, model: R55-135mm f/3.5. This was Canon’s first 135-frame zoom lens. The lens used 55-135mm, which was the easiest zoom focal length to achieve at the time.
However, back to our protagonist today. 70-200mm is now one of the most commonly used large ternary focal lengths, but this focal length has undergone many changes.
If we trace the development history of the 70-200mm lens, the FL 100-200mm f/5.6 released in 1966 can be regarded as the beginning of the 70-200mm lens. The price of this lens is only 29,500 yen, and the focal length is somewhat close to the current 70-200mm. However, the maximum aperture of this lens is only f/5.6, which is a very primitive entry telephoto zoom lens. For a long time in the future, this lens has been updated many times and different versions have been released.
If the 70-200mm lens is from a fixed focus The lens has evolved step by step, so the most important part is the increase in the constant aperture of the lens. Canon released the FD 80-200mm f/4 S.S.C in 1976. , The aperture of this lens is increased to f/4, and by virtue of the front aspheric lens, it achieves excellent close-up image quality. It can show good shooting quality at various focal lengths.
Canon 80-200mm f/4 lens sample
Of course In the era of 80-200mm f/4, Canon also introduced a 70-210mm f/4, such as the New FD 70-210mm f/4 launched in 1980. In fact, at the time, although the same f/4 aperture, the 80-200mm position was higher, and the price was twice that of the 70-210mm lens.
Like the previous FL 100-200mm lens, the 80-200mm f/4 focal length has also lasted for many years. Among them, Canon launched the New FD 80-200mm f/4L in 1985. This lens is the first time that Canon has added the L-mount high-end lens logo to the 80-200mm focal length. This means that the focal length of 80-200mm has become one of the most mainstream lens focal lengths at that time.
02 Interlude: Canon’s autofocus road
Among these, I have to mention the development of Canon’s autofocus technology. We know that the world’s first autofocus camera was the Konica C35 AF released in 1977, but the autofocus technology was first proposed by Canon. Canon first proposed the autofocus technology at the Photokina exhibition in Cologne in 1963. Imagine.
Canon’s autofocus model in 1963
However, Canon’s autofocus lens is not too early. In 1981, Canon launched its first autofocus lens, the model New FD 35-70mm f/4 AF, this lens looks strange now, because the Canon body did not have focus detection capabilities at the time. The focus module of this lens is entirely on the lens, and it uses Canon’s self-developed SST method for autofocus.
Canon launched its first automatic in 1985 Focus the camera “T80”. This camera needs to be used with an AC lens. This type of lens uses a lens motor to drive the focus to achieve the camera’s autofocus with the T80 body. The three AC lenses are: AC 50mm f/1.8, AC 35-70mm f/3.5-4.5, AC 75-200mm f/4.5. The 75-200mm f/4.5 lens can be regarded as a bold attempt by Canon’s autofocus technology.
Canon T80 body and AC 75-200mm f/4.5 lens
With the advancement of lens focus motor technology, Canon quickly overtook the car after T80 and developed many high-end lenses that can be used for autofocus. This turning point was in 1989. Friends who are familiar with Canon’s history know that lenses such as 50mm f/1.0 and 85mm f/1.2 were all born in 1989.
Although Canon first proposed autofocus technology, it was not in an advantageous position when autofocus technology first started. But starting in the 1990s, Canon relied on the three-dimensional precision focusing technology and the follow-up USM focus motor to quickly recover the gap and achieve corner overtaking. Canon’s autofocus, especially the driving speed of the lens motor, is still top-notch today.
03 Modern Big Triple Era
In 1989, Canon’s true Big Triple Lens came out, model: EF 80-200mm f/2.8L. This lens uses autofocus technology to achieve fast focus, and the aperture has reached f/2.8, which is a true modern large ternary lens.
Although Nikon released AF- in 1987 S Nikkor 80-200mm f/2.8 S is an autofocus lens, but Nikon has struggled for many generations at the focal length of 80-200mm. After the release of EF 80-200mm f/2.8L, Canon did not get too entangled at the focal length of 80-200mm. Instead, it brought the most familiar lens in 1995: EF 70-200mm f/2.8L USM. Nikon Plus’s 70-200mm f/2.8 will not be officially released until 2003.
It’s worth noting that Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L USM is still in production.
Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L USM has been called Canon Xiaobai by everyone. The biggest feature of this lens is The white lens body color is also the iconic color of Canon telephoto lenses. This lens not only maintains high-quality image quality, but also weighs only 1310g, and the closest focusing distance has also been increased to 1.5 meters. It is a very practical modern large ternary lens.
Canon small white sample
uses a USM focus motor, which is a ring-shaped ultrasonic focus motor, so the focus speed of this lens has a qualitative leap compared to 80-200mm f/2.8L. In 1995 In this era, the focusing speed of this Canon lens is incomparable with Nikon lenses. In addition, the lens is compatible with 1.4X and 2.0X teleconverters, providing more shooting possibilities for sports photographers and wildlife photographers.
Canon Xiaobai samples
For the telephoto lens, the Canon Xiaobai in 1995 was already good enough, but the only regret was that the anti-shake technology was not yet mature at that time, so in 2001, Canon The EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS USM has been updated. This lens maintains the high-quality image performance of this lens in 1995, while adding IS optical image stabilization. This lens is also known as “Canon loves death” noob”.
With anti-shake, it means users You can use a lower shutter speed to shoot to obtain a stable image, which is very valuable for a telephoto lens. Therefore, Canon’s 70-200mm with anti-shake became a hot product on the market at that time.
1/30s handheld shooting
Around 2000, in fact, Canon and Nikon were already the two largest camera brands. For lenses like 70-200mm f/2.8, Canon has always been the dominant focal length. Not only has a professional focal length of f/2.8, but in 1999 a lighter EF 70-200mm f/4L USM was also launched. This lens is also a highly acclaimed focal length. Nikon’s 70-200mm f/4 is much more bumpy than f/2.8, and it was not officially released until 2012.
There are currently three generations of Canon 70-200mm f/2.8. The most famous one is the EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM released in 2010.
Based on the previous generation, this lens Fluorite lenses are added, and the number of UD lenses has increased to 5, and the image quality performance has reached an unprecedented high. The lens ranges from 70mm to 200mm, with excellent optical performance and good edge image quality.
This lens can also be seen on the street at present Among the white cannons, the longest one seen. The rivers and lakes are called “love the little white rabbit.”
In fact, the second-generation 70-200mm f/2.8 released in 2010 has reached a very high level in optical design. Therefore, when the third-generation lens was updated in 2018, the optical structure did not proceed. What optimization is mainly to improve the coating design of the lens and increase the focusing speed of the lens.
due to the third generation 70-200mm f/2.8 It uses a better coating and has a faster focusing speed, so it has a stronger combat effectiveness in landscape shooting and sports photography.
Focal length: 190mm, ISO 2000, aperture: F2.8, shutter speed: 1/100s
Focal length: 200mm, ISO 100, aperture: F5.0, shutter speed: 1/320s
Today, in the RF era, Canon RF70-200mm F2.8 L IS USM is the most innovative lens in my opinion in the past two years.
The three lenses from left to right are: RF70-200mm f/2.8, EF 70-200mm f/2.8 third-generation, EF 70-200mm f/4 IS second-generation
The previous 70-200mm f/2.8, as long as it is an anti-shake version, the lightest The weight is 1400g, and the weight of many brands can even reach 1600g. Canon RF70-200mm f/2.8 is the first 70-200mm f/2.8 with an external zoom design, so the lens length is only 146mm and the weight is only 1070g.
For the mirrorless camera, the portability advantage of this lens is obvious, and it is more suitable for the EOS R mirrorless body. Moreover, Canon has excellent design craftsmanship and quality control. Although it has switched to an external zoom, there will be no problem of dust.
This lens was released in 2019, so it is adopted With Canon’s latest coating technology, glare and dispersion performance are excellent. The optical design of this lens is not constrained by the limitations of the older generation 70-200mm f/2.8, but is completely pushed back, so it is more bold and avant-garde. In terms of image quality, the image quality of this lens is as good as the EF 70-200mm f/2.8, and even the edge image quality has improved.
Focal length: 115mm, ISO 8000, aperture: F2.8, shutter speed: 1/125s
Focal length: 75mm, ISO 100, aperture: F2.8, shutter speed: 1/250s
can be said to be in 70 At the focal length of -200mm f/2.8, Canon has become the representative symbol of 70-200mm f/2.8 by virtue of its excellent workmanship and iconic white painting. In the RF era, Canon’s RF lens not only maintains excellent image quality, but is also lighter in size. It can be said to be the most attractive 70-200mm f/2.8 lens.
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