Take good pictures of flowers, but don’t know how to take macro photography
“Spring comes and summer, autumn harvest and winter collection” one year has passed so quickly. Longing for the sunny and warm sun and looking forward to the season of blooming flowers, I believe this is also everyone’s wish. When the garden is full of flowers, there will be many photographers who are keen to shoot all kinds of flowers. Macro photography is suitable for this kind of shooting themes, and the shots will enchant the photographer and the audience from an aesthetic perspective. soul.
Picture from michael held
Now let’s talk about how to shoot flower photography, or through a few essentials, so that beginner photographers can quickly master this kind of macro photography creation.
First of all, the lens plays a very important role in flower photography. Usually the effect that a macro lens can create is difficult for us to use the depth of field control. So, let’s talk about the macro lens first. What is a macro lens? This type of lens has significant characteristics. Simply put, macro photography refers to the optical ability of the camera to shoot images that are as large as or slightly smaller than the actual object through the lens. Of course, the magnification ratio of some macro lenses will reach a level greater than 1:1.
Picture from oldskool
Understand the macro lens, the following is something worthy of beginners in photography, that is, the human eye is often unable to see objects close to 15cm, and the macro lens can use very close Distance shooting, shooting scenes that the human eye can’t see clearly in the real environment, this is also a convenient place for macro photography. Through this effect, the macro lens can capture small objects such as the stamens of flowers vividly, allowing us to clearly observe many microscopic worlds in our lives.
Picture from InspiredImages
Here I can recommend the AF-S VR Macro NIKKOR 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED lens with Nikon quiet wave motor and anti-shake system. It also contains a series of Nikon optical technologies and features, such as nano crystal coating, low-dispersion glass lens and internal focusing. This lens can be used with Nikon DX format digital cameras or 35mm format film cameras.
This 105mm macro lens has a Nikon quiet wave motor, Internal focus and anti-shake system. Nikon’s quiet wave motor brings quiet, high-speed autofocus, and fast switching between autofocus and manual operation. The internal focus system also provides a non-rotating lens front part, which makes it easier to use circular polarizing filters. Through the improved anti-shake system, the photographer can shoot clear and sharp images at a shutter speed of about 3.0 stops slower than usual [approximately 3 meters to infinity]. Of course, there are other NIKKOR macro lenses to choose from.
Secondly, the composition of a photograph can determine whether a photographic work has a reasonable structure and an aesthetic level for viewing. The flower composition can use a simple rule of thirds composition or frame composition, which can help you to shoot your work in a stylish way.
The rule of thirds composition is to draw a straight line at each of the left, right, top and bottom 1/3 of the screen. This will form a “Tic Tac Toe” grid in the screen and divide 9 at the same time. A long square of the same size. This kind of composition usually places the horizontal line, the horizon, the dividing line or color, the dividing line of the light and other things in the picture on or near any line of the “Tic Tac Toe” grid, and the key content is placed in the 2/3 area of the picture. Here, the remaining 1/3 area is reserved for the ligand. But if it is a vertical composition, you can also place flowers in the center of the frame.
Picture from Nikon Official proofs
frame composition, you must use any of the various factors that can form a “frame” to enclose the subject, and highlight the subject through this enclosing form, and the enclosing form will also The line of sight of the viewer is guided to the position of the subject. This kind of composition usually uses door frames, windows, natural openings, various forms of segmentation frames, frames in the relationship between virtual and reality, frames in the relationship between light and darkness, and frames in color contrast as the main forms of frame composition.
Picture from josh calabrese
Finally, exposure is also an important part of shooting flower photography. In fact, it is very taboo to shoot flowers and make the exposure very average, which means that an ideal flower photography should highlight the effect of the tone. High-key or low-key is often used here to express the bright or shy feeling of flowers.
Picture from Nikon Official proofs
The exposure processing method is actually very simple, it is to increase or decrease the exposure to achieve this effect. Using the standard metering results of the camera, you can adjust the effect by increasing or decreasing the overall exposure of the photo through exposure compensation. But how much is appropriate to increase or decrease? This can be determined according to creative needs. You can try the creative effect you want by adjusting the exposure data multiple times. But what can be learned is that you can try to increase the exposure for light-colored flowers, so that you can shoot a brighter tone and make the flowers more crystal clear. Or when you need to express the color of flowers, you can use the effect of reducing the exposure to increase the color and light of the picture, which will make the picture more attractive.
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