The United Nations has caused a “money shortage”. Why has the United States, the world’s largest economic power, become a “big arrears”?

  Original title: The United Nations is in a “money shortage”. Why has the United States, the world’s largest economy, become a “big arrears”? Expert interpretation

  As the world’s largest economic power, the United States currently owes a huge amount of nearly US$1.1 billion in dues to the United Nations, becoming the United Nations’ largest arrears. The No. 1 economic power has become the No. 1 “big arrears.” This behavior of arrears in dues in the United States has recently attracted public attention again.

   At the 75th session of the UN General Assembly’s Administrative and Budget Committee, Guyana, Cuba and other countries expressed concern about the shortage of UN funds and criticized the United States’ arrears. Previously, UN Secretary-General Guterres had repeatedly called for the United States to pay the relevant fees owed to the United Nations as soon as possible in order to resolve the growing financial crisis of the United Nations, but so far has not received “full payment” from the United States.

   The current financial situation of the United Nations is becoming increasingly severe. The timely payment of full membership dues by member states is an important way to resolve the financial gap of the United Nations. The United States, as the largest country in arrears, has long-term arrears in membership dues, which is the main reason why the United Nations is in financial difficulties. So, what impact will the severe shortage of funds have on various UN operations?

   Yang Xiyu, researcher at the China Institute of International Studies: All actions of the United Nations are based on a financial basis. In other words, there is no effective UN action without money. Therefore, UN finances and UN membership fees have become a very important material basis for the effectiveness of UN operations. Now that the arrears of dues have reached a huge level, it has actually caused difficulties and obstacles to the actions of the United Nations. Take peacekeeping operations, for example, which is a very urgent task. If there is a shortage of funds for peacekeeping operations, the efficiency of peacekeeping operations, including humanitarian disasters and conflicts that are difficult to resolve, will become more prominent. Therefore, the current problem of the shortage of UN membership dues and the shortage of funds for UN operations is no longer a financial problem, but has spread to a major issue of international peace and security.

  As the world’s largest economic power, the United States has become the largest United Nations country in arrears. It has been in arrears with United Nations dues for a long time. What exactly does the United States want to achieve?

   Yang Xiyu, a researcher at the China Institute of International Studies: In fact, the root cause of the United States’ arrears of dues is not a question of money. Although the United States is currently in a large fiscal deficit and the United States owes 1 billion dues to the United Nations, the United States’ annual military expenditure is more than 700 billion, which means that it owes approximately 1 billion to the United Nations, which is less than a fraction of its military expenditure. Therefore, for the world’s largest economic power such as the United States, the annual membership fee of the United Nations is not an economic burden to the United States, nor is it an economic difficulty. From the perspective of the United States, this is not a financial difficulty. It is a political issue. In fact, it is using itself as an important source of UN dues, using dues as a policy tool and as a policy lever to put pressure on the UN and request the UN to follow suit. It went and asked the United Nations to follow the direction of US policy. This is the real reason why the United States defaulted on the United Nations dues.

   As experts have said, the problem of the shortage of funds for UN operations is no longer a financial problem, but has spread to a major issue of international peace and security. So how to restrain the US behavior in arrears?

   Yang Xiyu, researcher at the China Institute of International Studies: This long-term arrears of dues and trampling on the rules and regulations of the United Nations is actually rapidly eroding the so-called soft power of the United States, eroding the United States’ international image and status. As the world’s largest economic power and the only superpower in the world, the United States has done so much and for a long time, and it has suffered losses in its reputation, influence and status in the international community. It is the national interest of the United States itself. Therefore, it is not the coercive force of the international community that can really restrict the United States, but the damage to the United States’ national interests will eventually force the United States to readjust and reflect on this set of policies.

   At the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly’s Administrative and Budget Committee meeting held recently, Dai Bing, China’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, said that China, as the United Nations’ second assembly fee and peacekeeping contributors, and responsible Despite the tremendous economic and financial pressure brought by the new crown pneumonia epidemic, China has paid all dues in full this year. China calls on all member states, especially those with the ability to pay, to pay their dues in a timely, full and unconditional manner.

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