Those things about composition teach you how to use the lens to improve the level of composition
Photography is the art of freeze-frame pictures, and the composition of a picture generally has two important elements. One is the content, which is the subject we shoot. Whether it is a person or a landscape, the existence of these main contents is us The content of the shot; the second is the form, which means what kind of picture arrangement we use to express our content, which is actually the composition.
In today’s article, we will discuss how The problem of using the lens to improve the level of composition will also introduce you to the concept, function, idea and related composition rules of composition. Before everything starts, let’s first talk about composition.
When we see the beauty in front of us, we must first choose to shoot At that angle, depending on our lens, the angle of view we can shoot is also different, so be familiar with your lens, and then choose a suitable area to shoot according to your lens perspective. This is a broad composition. And meticulous composition is when you have determined the framing range of the picture, you also need to arrange the position of each element in the picture, whether these elements are the foreground or the background, whether it is a character or a scene, can be adjusted or timing by us. The waiting is finally captured into a wonderful picture.
After we understand the meaning of composition, we must also be clear What exactly does composition do? Why should we understand and perfect the composition? Here I have summarized the three main functions of composition for everyone:
One, use composition to guide the audience’s sight
When we see a work like the picture above, everyone looks at the picture in a random order, for example, some people look from left to right, and some people look from top to it Looking down, it’s because we didn’t guide the audience in such a picture, telling the audience what order of sight should be used to appreciate the work, so we add some composition elements and it will look different.
In fact, this is the original appearance of my work. Zhang is just that I removed the stakes through PS. When everyone sees the original work, the direction of the line of sight will be guided by the wooden pegs at the bottom of the screen, because the wooden pegs gradually disappear into the waves from large to small, so the direction of our line of sight will follow The writer slowly appreciates the work from bottom to top. This is what we achieve through composition.
Second, use the composition to explain the main and subordinates of the screen
As we just said, the framing range of the screen should be determined according to the characteristics of the lens. In fact, as long as you determine the framing range, the primary and secondary relationship in the basic screen has been determined. When you shoot a picture like this in a vertical composition, most viewers will be attracted by the small colorful houses. The main body of this picture must be the small house. The characters in the lower right corner of the picture serve as foils to help us plump the picture.
But in the same camera position, if we have With the replacement, it’s like pushing the focal length from 70mm to 200mm to take this picture again. The scope of our view has changed, and the content arrangement and the primary-secondary relationship in the picture have also changed. When you see the picture above, no one thinks that the house is the main body. Although the house still occupies about 1/3 of the area of the picture, the main body of the picture has become a character. At this time, the composition can indicate the priority of our picture. The relationship, of course, you must first understand what the subject of your shooting is, and don’t unconsciously shoot blindly, otherwise it may be overwhelming.
3. Use composition to convey emotions
We shoot a lot of works, especially portrait works, there will be some emotional expressions, for example, like the above work, it will give people a sudden sense of openness. Why is this? Because the frontal blank of the character’s line of sight is more comfortable to look at, when we compose the picture in this way, it will convey some positive emotions.
But when this work becomes like this, the opposite is true Up. The space in the direction of the character’s line of sight is very small, but there is a large area of blank space in the opposite direction of the line of sight, which gives the audience a feeling of depression at this time. Such a slight sense of discomfort will bring negative emotions, and this work happens to be the model with her eyes closed and her hands folded, giving it a lonely and desolate feeling. So when I was shooting, I chose this kind of backside blanking. At this time, the composition helped me more perfect the expression of this emotion.
After understanding the concept and function of composition, then it is time to enter the real shot. Before picking up the camera, you may also need to know that the composition has a very important connection with one thing-this is the lens. Lenses with different focal lengths will bring different effects, so when we use different lens composition, we also need to understand the characteristics of the lens, and enlarge these characteristics, so that different lenses can show the best effect.
For example, I saw this big picture on the roadside The trunk, I think it looks good and I want to take a picture, but I was taking a portrait at the time, and the camera was matched with a 50mm fixed focal length lens, so under a 50mm middle focal length lens, the photo was relatively flat and there were no bright spots. I hurried back to the car and changed to a super wide-angle zoom lens, and I got the following work
This is the same position and the same tree trunk, but the ultra-wide-angle perspective relationship between close and small is very special, and it can help us shoot a more intense picture. I believe this contrast Everyone can feel the impact of the picture effect. What are the techniques? It is to use the ultra-wide-angle lens close to the foreground to shoot. At this time, the various elements in our composition can have a good performance. If you don’t have an ultra-wide-angle lens yet, I recommend you to choose the new ultra-wide zoom lens with Canon RF mount. RF15-35F2.8LISUSM, this lens has a very good image quality performance, and the widest focal length of 15mm, so that you can shoot tension pictures in a wider angle of view.
Canon RF15- 35mmF2.8LISUSM
This work was also shot with a super wide-angle lens. The impact of the picture is still very strong, but can the wind and light only have a super wide angle to shoot? Not necessarily, sometimes the telephoto lens can also show a different picture beauty.
For example, this picture was shot in the same area as the above work Yes, but this one uses a telephoto lens. The feature of a telephoto lens is that the picture taken is very neat, so we have to use this feature to express the line level in the picture. This effect is through the focal length of 70-200mm. I recently used the “Fatty Dumpling” with an RF mount. This new 70-200mm can be said to be very cute.
Canon RF70- 200mmF2.8LISUSM
The size of this Canon RF70-200mmF2.8LISUSM lens is very small, you can hardly even imagine that such a small lens is actually a zoom lens with a long focus, and in such a small volume Next, the quality of the lens is also very high, so I recommend everyone to consider this “love little fat man”, this is my nickname for him.
Finally, let’s talk about some basic composition rules, I believe everyone You should have understood some composition rules, what is the rule of thirds, diagonal, centered composition and so on. So what is the simplest and most practical composition rule? I suggest that you can use the Jiugongge to compose the picture more, because in the Jiugongge we can achieve many kinds of composition methods, such as the picture above, how do I arrange the position of the elements in the picture when I shoot? Where does a golf ball and hole look more comfortable? When we add the annotations of Jiugongge to the pictures, everyone will understand.
In the nine-square grid, the ball and the hole are in the nine-square grid. At this point, this means that these two elements are the most standard rule of thirds composition, whether viewed from left to right or up and down, they are the thirds of the picture, and the positional relationship between these two elements is exactly diagonal. Logic, so this is the convenience of Jiugongge.
With a few works, you can savor the charm of Jiugongge composition. We can use Jiugongge to perfect the picture whether it is the rule of thirds, diagonal, or centered composition. You can make good use of the Jiugongge in the future shooting process. To help us compose the picture.
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