When the camera entered the digital age from the film age, the glory of our domestically-made cameras came to an end

   When the camera entered the digital age from the film age, the glory of our domestically-made cameras came to an end. From card cameras to SLR cameras, and then to mirrorless cameras; from 1 inch to M4/3 format, APS-C format, full frame and then to medium format civilian use, domestic cameras still have not appeared again. Why is the “Sky Two” space station, the C919 large aircraft, the “Loongson” chip, and 5G technology all available in our country, but the domestically-made camera can never be made?

After the digital age, the brilliance of domestic cameras ends heredigital age Later, the brilliance of domestic cameras came to an end.

01Our country’s camera hardware technology is blank

No one wants to spend money to make sensors

  What is the core of the camera, is the sensor. In the film camera era, film is the sensor; in the digital era, the sensor has also transitioned from CCD to the current mainstream CMOS. The function of the sensor is to convert the light signal from the outside into an electronic signal, which becomes our photo. This process is very complicated, and there is no need to share such boring knowledge with you.

We do not have the ability to produce domestic CMOS sensorsWe do not have the ability to produce domestic CMOS sensors CMOS sensor

   is not to say that our country cannot produce sensors because of the complexity of this technology. Think about our 5G technology, think about our rockets and space stations, think about our high-speed rails and airplanes. Which one is not more difficult than sensors. . It’s not that it doesn’t make it, but nobody wants to spend money to make it.

   To produce CMOS sensors, a lithography machine must be used. The lithography machine can make both chips and sensors. Our country has developed a lithography machine capable of producing 22nm chips, but the current mainstream lithography technology is still in the hands of brands such as ASML and Nikon.

When the camera entered the digital age from the film age, the glory of our domestically-made cameras came to an end Nikon’s early semiconductor lithography machine “NSR-1505G2A”

   In fact, as early as the 1960s, the lithography machine has already started, and our current research results are much later in the world. Years. So why don’t we catch up like trains, airplanes, and aerospace 5G?

  The reason is R&D cost. The cost of developing lithography machines is also very high, and now the camera field is not profitable, and the cost of investment can not directly bring benefits. For the concept of Chinese entrepreneurs for profit, developing lithography machines by themselves is definitely not the way out. So what about buying a lithography machine and producing sensors?

ASML's lithography machine is currently the most famous and extremely expensive ExpensiveASML’s lithography machine is currently the most famous and extremely expensive.

   Now the world’s largest and best lithography machine is the product of ASML, and the best lithography machine sells for about 100 million One US dollar. May I ask which Chinese brand will first invest 100 million US dollars in the production of camera sensors? And can one guarantee the production capacity?

   Therefore, in the face of cost, it is impossible to realize independent production of the core components of our domestic cameras. Therefore, even in 2019, we still have no domestic sensors.

Metering, focusing, and processors are all blank

   The sensor is the core component of the camera, so there are many core components, such as the metering system, focusing system, processor, etc. Wait, we are all blank. We have not overcome many of the core technologies in these components, because the digital age is completely different from the film age. Now the cameras in Japan and Germany are highly mature in metering, focusing, etc., and patents are almost all in the hands of companies that write them. Our independent research and development must not only overcome technical difficulties, but also consider the issue of infringement.

We are blank in terms of metering system, focusing system and processor We are blank in terms of metering system, focusing system, and processor.

   Many of the technologies we have now are inherited from the film camera era in the last century. When applied to digital cameras, they are already very backward. The technology has not been developed for a long time and is now in a state of giving up. Therefore, for us who have no technological breakthroughs in every aspect, it is even more difficult to realize the localization of SLR cameras or mirrorless cameras.

Japanese brands also started as copycats

   To say a little bit off topic, we are now looking at Japanese cameras, which occupy most of the global market, Canon, Nikon, Sony, Panasonic, Fuji, Olympus and other brands are familiar. In fact, the early Japanese cameras started as copycats. It’s as if we now see some domestic brands always think they are copycats.

Japanese manufacturers also imitated German manufacturers and started out Japanese manufacturers also

  , which imitated the German manufacturers, the early Nikon was imitated by Zeiss. What is different from us is the perseverance and spirit of Japanese companies and Japanese people. Although it was imitation in the early days, since then, Japanese brands have continued to study, privatize technology, and successfully surpassed the target of imitation.

The era of the film era of the German copycats Japanese copycats It was the film age when I was in the system

   I would like to say that the Japanese copycats were in the film age. Everyone was using rangefinders. SLR cameras hadn’t taken shape at that time. That is to say, the structure of the camera is very simple, in fact, many domestic craftsmen can realize it. But now it’s different. Now cameras are required to be mass-produced, high-precision, and cover a large number of electronic components, so imitation is no longer a way out for manufacturing in China. What we should do is products with independent intellectual property rights, such as Huawei , ZTE’s contribution to 5G.

02 Self-developed domestic cameras will be more expensive

   In the early years, cars of Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi and other brands were in the pockets of local tyrants and had nothing to do with ordinary consumers. . With the localization of German brands, ordinary consumers can now afford these brands of cars. So if the camera is localized, will it be cheaper than the current Japanese and German products, and our purchase budget can be reduced a lot? In fact, after the localization of the camera, the price will only be more expensive than the Japanese one.

R&D cost is the highestR&D cost is the highest

  Why is the localization of cameras more expensive? The reason is cost. What is the cost of the camera? The raw materials used for manufacturing are the cost of manufacturing, and a large part of it is the cost of R&D and labor. In fact, manufacturing costs account for a very low proportion, and the high proportion is the cost of R&D and labor.

The initial labor cost will be very highthe initial investment The labor cost will also be high.

   Because we are basically starting from a blank foundation, the cost of developing the camera will be very expensive, and the labor cost invested will also be very high, and these costs will eventually be shared on the camera price. By the consumer. After all, a business is not a charity, no one will help you research and develop for free and then sell you the finished product.

  Don’t understand. For example, in the luxury goods industry, how much do you think the leather fabrics of LV, Chanel, and Gucci are worth? In fact, most of the costs are for the brand and design. Many of these luxury goods are OEM produced in the south of our country. A luxury bag worth tens of thousands of dollars can be bought secretly at a price of thousands or even hundreds of dollars without the logo. Of course, someone needs to bring it to you. goods. The same is true for returning cameras, users need to pay for the cost of R&D and design.

Most Japanese camera brands have more than 100 years of history, and their costs have been diluted Most Japanese camera brands have a history of more than a hundred years, and their costs have been diluted.

   Japanese brand cameras started very early and have been around for decades. Therefore, the cost of research and development has been diluted a lot, so we have seen the camera’s performance in recent years. The price can be continuously reduced. But if the domestic camera is realized, the price at the initial stage will definitely discourage users.

Japanese brand APS-C format camera is very affordableJapanese The price of the brand APS-C format camera is very affordable.

   For example, the price of the Japanese brand APS-C format mirrorless camera is generally in the range of 3000-8000 yuan, and the price of the full-frame mirrorless camera is generally in the range of 12000-20000 yuan. In terms of domestic cameras, the author believes that at least 3,000 yuan higher than this range, will you still pay?

Military, aerospace, medical and other industries need to master technology in their own hands Military, aerospace, medical and other industries need to master the technology in their own hands.

   So why is there no state support for the development of domestic cameras? First of all, in cutting-edge industries such as military industry, aerospace, medical care, etc., technology needs to be in the hands of one’s own country so as not to be controlled by others. Therefore, the country will have a lot of support and financial support. However, in the camera industry, whether the technology is nationalized or not has no impact on the country, so there is no need to spend the originally small budget to support domestic cameras.

   What about private enterprises? First of all, Chinese companies generally invest in industries with short cycles and quick results, such as mobile phones. In the camera industry, research and development started from a blank space. In just a few years, it was impossible to launch a decent camera product. Chinese companies will not enter this industry with high investment costs and slow results. Therefore, there will be no support from private enterprises.

Will 03 users really pay for domestic cameras?

   In terms of users, will you pay for your feelings? In fact, Japanese and German brands are now highly mature, and many brands have more than 100 years of history. Therefore, domestic brands are only now catching up, and they will not be able to catch up without a few decades.

I will not pay for my feelings, what about you?Author I will not pay for my feelings, how about you?

  Mobile phone is easy to make, because the hardware of the phone can be purchased, and the software can also be optimized on Google’s Android system. As for the camera, if all the parts are purchased, it is not a domestic camera. But no one will share the core technology of the camera with you, nor sell it to you. Our own research and development will not be able to achieve results in the short term, and the market price will be higher than that of Japanese cameras. Would you still pay for such a domestic camera? ?

   At least I don’t know how to do it myself, but I will choose cheaper and more mature Japanese brands.

04 cameras don’t have, but domestic lenses are on the rise

   At present, we really can’t make domestic cameras. The technology is blank, no investment, no need to pay, and many obstacles We can only give up the idea of ​​domestic cameras. But on the other hand, although we were really defeated in terms of cameras, the domestic lenses have won more and more applause.

Domestic lenses go abroad

   In recent years, domestic and foreign imagery exhibitions have seen domestic lens brands. It can be said that domestic brands have gone abroad for several years. Is getting better and better. For example, at the CP+ exhibition in Yokohama, Japan every year, the booth size of domestic lenses and the number of interactive audiences are obviously increasing year by year. More and more foreigners are paying attention to and buying domestic lenses.

At domestic and international exhibitions, you can see domestic lenses At domestic and international exhibitions, you can see domestic lenses

  The domestic lenses date back to the film era. At that time, our lenses could still compete with Japanese and German lenses. After entering the digital age, due to the slow technology development, the gap with the German and Japanese systems has gradually grown. However, in recent years, domestic lenses have also begun to rise rapidly.

There are also many high-end specifications among domestic lensesThere are also many domestic lenses High-end specifications

   Now the three most famous brands of domestic lenses are Laowa, Zhongyi Optics and Yongnuo. Zhongyi Optics has many high-end series lenses, such as 50mmf/0.95, 85mm f/1.2 and so on. Lao Frog took a different approach, with many special specifications of shift, macro, and wide-angle lenses. Yongnuo is currently one of the very few domestic brands with autofocus technology. In fact, Yongnuo’s entry into the lens field is actually very short.

The performance of domestic lenses is getting better and betterThe performance of domestic lenses is getting better Getting better and better

   The current domestic lenses have been getting better and better in terms of specifications and image quality. However, the biggest core competitiveness of domestic lenses is the price. There are many specifications of Japanese original, subsidiary and German original lenses that photographers cannot actually afford. Therefore, buying domestic lenses is the best way out. Another point is the early adopters. It is only clear what effect some high-end lenses can achieve. Then many players will choose to buy a high-standard domestic lens for early adopters, saving money and enough.

   is not only the case of domestic players, but also many foreign photographers.

Domestic lenses still have a long way to go

   At present, although domestic lenses are on the rise, there is still a long way to go. What is lacking at present is coating and anti-corrosion. Shake and focus these three aspects.

There is a certain gap between the coating of domestic lens and the Japanese lensthe coating of domestic lens There is a certain gap with the Japanese system

   coating, the gap between the domestic lens and the Japanese and German systems is still quite obvious. Coating will directly affect the image quality. Although the dispersion and imaging of the domestic lenses have been improved, the backlight shooting will show great problems. So in terms of coating, there is still a long way to go.

Anti-shake we are still in a blank state Anti-shake we are still in Blank state

   anti-shake, excellent optical manufacturers, such as Canon and Sigma, will add optical anti-shake technology to the lens, which can significantly improve the quality of the picture. In the field of domestic lens, the current road of anti-shake is very difficult, and the technology is in a blank state, but if the domestic lens brand has perseverance and perseverance, I believe it will be successful.

We are just getting started in the focus part We are just getting started in the focus part too

   Focus, currently only a very small number of domestic lenses are equipped with autofocus technology, and most of the remaining domestic lenses are in manual mode. Many high-spec lenses have difficulty focusing in manual mode. It took 20 years for Japanese brands to perfect the autofocus technology. Domestic lenses are still in their infancy in terms of motor design, bayonet protocol, and focus technology application, and there is a long way to go.

   actually said so much, that is, a lot of our technology and manufacturing process level is still stuck in the film age, but the popular digital age has a history of 30 years, and our technology and craftsmanship has also been I have been behind for a long time, and now it is very difficult to catch up.

The domestic camera is already a dead end, it is better to hope for the domestic lens Domestic cameras are already a dead end. It is better to hope for domestic lenses.

   For photographers with domestic sentiments, hope for domestic cameras is a dead end, so it is better to hope for the rise of domestic lenses. Although domestically produced lenses are also difficult, they have a foundation after all, and they have been iteratively updated. The technological development is getting faster and faster. Therefore, for players, there is hope. In addition, it is still very cheap to pay for the domestic lens.

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