Clever use of composition, effectively improve the level of photography
Hello, everyone. I’m Laona. I often have classmates who ask me to talk about composition and say that I don’t have a good grasp of composition. I just casually asked how you generally use composition?
The students answered basically the same, either the rule of thirds, the diagonal, or the centered composition. I understand that everyone’s understanding of composition is still limited to simple frameworks and rules. I haven’t been able to understand the role and ideas of composition in detail, so let’s talk about it today.
01What is composition?
Generally speaking, the composition of a picture has two important elements One is the content, which is the subject we shoot, whether it is a person or a landscape, the existence of these subject content is what we shoot.
The second is form. This form means what kind of picture arrangement we use to express our content. This is actually composition.
Some of the same tree trunks, we photographed and followed from a head-up angle The visual effects of vertical shooting from bottom to top are completely different. This is the role of composition. So what does composition mean? I think composition is also divided into two levels of meaning, broad meaning and detailed meaning:
The broad meaning of composition
When we see the beautiful scenery in front of us, we must first choose which angle to shoot. Depending on our lens, the angle of view we can shoot is also different , So be familiar with your lens, and then choose a suitable area to shoot according to your lens angle of view. This is a broad composition.
The detailed meaning of composition
When you Having determined the framing range of the picture, you also need to arrange the position of each element in the picture. Whether these elements are the foreground or the background, whether it is a character or a scene, we can finally capture a wonderful picture through our careful adjustment or waiting for the timing. , This is the detailed composition.
02The three major functions of composition
After we understand the meaning of composition, we must also know what the composition does? Why should we understand and perfect the composition? Here I have summarized the three major functions of composition:
Use the composition to guide the audience’s sight
When we see a work like the one below, the order in which each of you looks at the picture They are all random. For example, some people look from left to right, and some people look from top to bottom. This will vary from person to person, because we did not guide the audience to tell the audience what line of sight they should pass through. Appreciate the works in order, so if we add some composition elements, it will look different.
In fact, this is the original appearance of the work I shot. Zhang is just that I removed the stakes through PS. When everyone sees the original work, the direction of sight will be guided by the stakes at the bottom of the screen, because the stakes gradually disappear from large to small. In the ocean waves, the direction of our sight will follow the wooden stakes to slowly appreciate the work from bottom to top. This is what we achieve through composition.
Use the composition to explain the order of the screen
We just said that you need to determine the framing range of the picture according to the characteristics of the lens. In fact, as long as you determine the framing range, the primary and secondary relationship in the basic picture has been determined. When you shoot a picture like this in a vertical composition, most The audience will be attracted by the colorful small houses, so the main body in this picture must be the small house, and the characters in the lower right corner of the picture serve as foils to help us plump the picture.
But in the same camera position, if we view the range of It’s like pushing the focal length from 70mm to 200mm to take this picture again. The scope of our view has changed, and the content arrangement and primary-secondary relationship in the picture has also changed. When you see the picture above, No one would think that the house is the main body. Although the house still occupies about 1/3 of the area of the picture, the main body of the picture has become a character. At this time, the composition can show the primary and secondary relationship of our picture. Of course, you have to think about it first. Understand what the subject you are shooting is, don’t unconsciously shoot blindly, otherwise it is likely to overwhelm you.
Use composition to convey emotions
We Shooting a lot of works, especially portrait works, will have some emotional expressions. For example, like the above work, it will give people a sudden sense of openness. Why is this? The frontal blank of the person’s line of sight is more comfortable to look at, so when we compose the picture in this way, it will convey some positive emotions.
But when this work becomes like this, it is the opposite. The space for the person’s line of sight is very small, but the opposite direction of the line of sight, giving a large area The back is left blank. At this time, the feeling for the audience is relatively depressing. Such a slight discomfort will bring negative emotions. Then this work happens to be the model with closed eyes and hands together, giving the feeling of loneliness and desolation.
So when I was shooting, I chose this kind of backside blanking. At this time, the composition helped me more perfect the expression of this emotion.
03 Different lens composition ideas
When we use different lenses to compose, we also need to understand the characteristics of the lens, and enlarge these characteristics, in order to make different lenses show the best Good results.
For example, I saw this big picture on the roadside The trunk, I think it looks good and I want to take a picture, but I was taking a portrait at the time. The camera was matched with a 50mm fixed focal length lens, so under a 50mm lens with a middle focal length, the photo was relatively flat and there were no bright spots. I hurried back to the car and changed to an ultra-wide-angle zoom lens, and captured the following work.
This is the same location and the same trunk, but The super-wide-angle perspective relationship is very special. It can help us shoot a more tense picture. I believe that everyone can feel the impact of the picture effect. What are the techniques here? It is to use the ultra-wide-angle lens to shoot close to the foreground. At this time, the various elements in our composition can have a good performance.
This work was also shot with a super wide-angle lens, and the impact of the picture The power is still very strong, but can the wind and light only have a super wide-angle shooting? Not necessarily, sometimes the telephoto lens can also show a different picture beauty.
For example, this picture was shot in the same area as the above work Yes, but this one uses a telephoto lens. The feature of a telephoto lens is that the picture taken is very neat, so we have to use this feature to express the line level in the picture. This effect is through the focal length of 70-200mm. Shot with the lens.
04 Simple and practical composition rules
Everyone should know some composition rules, what is the rule of thirds, diagonal, centered composition, etc., so what is the best? What about simple and practical composition rules?
I suggest that you can use Jiugongge to compose more pictures, because in Jiugongge Among them, we can achieve many composition methods, such as the picture below, how do I arrange the position of the elements in the picture when I shoot?
Where is a golf ball and hole more comfortable to look at? When we add the annotations of Jiugongge to the pictures, everyone will understand.
In the nine-square grid, the ball and the hole are in the nine-square grid. At this point, this means that these two elements are the most standard rule of thirds composition, whether viewed from left to right or up and down, they are the thirds of the picture, and the positional relationship between these two elements is exactly diagonal. Logic, so this is the convenience of Jiugongge.
You can take a closer look at the charm of Jiugongge composition with a few works. We can use Jiugongge to perfect the picture whether it is the rule of thirds, diagonal, or centered composition. You can make good use of the Jiugongge in the future shooting process. To help us compose the picture.
Author:SINA,If you need to reprint,please indicate the source:http://www.todaycamera.com/camera-reviews/clever-use-of-composition-effectively-improve-the-level-of-photography