How to maximize the use of weather and light to increase the film yield?
As the saying goes, landscape photography depends on the sky. We will encounter all kinds of weather during the shooting. Although the red clouds are all beautiful, it is impossible to encounter the burning clouds every time we shoot. Moreover, all the photos are full of red clouds, which can cause aesthetic fatigue.
Especially during the trip, you can’t choose the right weather to shoot like at your doorstep. You may encounter any weather conditions. If you are lucky, you will shoot red clouds, but you will also encounter dark clouds in the sky. Or the bare sky situation.
Photography uses light to paint, and light is closely related to the weather. The atmosphere of the same scene in different weather and light conditions is completely different. Good use of the best creative time of various weather and light will help increase the production rate.
Analysis of shooting examples in various weather conditions
For landscape photography, common weather can be simply divided into two categories: cloud and no cloud. Cloudy conditions can be divided into burning clouds and densely overcast clouds. Cloudless conditions can be divided into facing the sun and facing away from the sun, which are completely different light conditions. Facing the sun is what we usually call the light-panel sky, backlighting, and large light ratio. Filters must be used to balance the light ratio, while facing the sun is straight light, and the Venus belt will be seen at the intersection of the horizon.
Different types of light, such as backlighting and light metering. The concept will not be repeated. Articles about light are usually explained with examples of different scenes. This article will use a set of example pictures taken in the same scene but under different weather and light conditions to explain how to use the best light to create in various weathers , I believe that photos of the same scene can illustrate the problem more intuitively.
I have taken many shots on the ice beach in Iceland. When encountering various weather conditions, let’s take a look at this set of photos first:
These photos are the appearance of the ice beach under different light conditions. There is no good or bad light, as long as you make good use of it, it is good light , The following analyzes the light characteristics of the four photos one by one.
is famous for its bad weather It was a blessing from heaven to encounter such a burning cloud in Iceland, and it was also the luckiest sunrise in my several trips. When encountering this kind of cloud, it is easy to produce films regardless of camera or phone, as long as you pay attention to the exposure and composition.
scattered light, light It’s not that big, using the light characteristics of the blues period to highlight the cold and lonely atmosphere. Compared with burning clouds, it is more conducive to the expression of emotions in photos. This photo is also one of my personal favorites among the photos of Ice Beach.
Without a cloud
unless shooting the stars Aurora and landscape photographers don’t like clear and cloudless skies. They should seize the best time to create when encountering a bare sky. The 10-minute light color rendering effect of the rising sun is the strongest. This photo shows the reflective effect of sunlight hitting the ice. It is difficult to take such a transparent ice under other weather conditions.
sunrise Before and after sunset, a pink-purple color band appears on the horizon opposite to the sun. The term for this color band is called the Venus Band. Usually the photos taken during this period will show a very beautiful tone due to the soft light and soft colors.
The time that the Venus Belt is above the horizon is very short, about 20 minutes will gradually fade, and the light and color during this period also gradually change.
The color in the photo on the left in the picture above is the best few minutes during the Venus Belt period, and the horizon is completely pink and purple. In the past few minutes, the color will slowly fade upward and gradually merge with the blue sky, which is the scene in the photo on the right.
Light characteristics during shooting time
There are two very important shooting times in landscape photography, the golden period of sunrise and sunset, and the blues period before sunrise and sunset. The light discussed in this article is also based on these two periods.
Golden hour refers to half an hour after sunrise and half an hour before sunset. During this period, the angle of the sun is very low, close to the horizon, and the clouds are warm tones, and there are often gorgeous morning and sunset clouds.
The blue tone period is opposite, which refers to the deep blue tone of the sky when the sun is between -4o and -6o below the horizon before sunrise and after sunset. During this period, the light ratio between the sky and the ground is close, and the light is very soft.
For prime time and blues time, fully understand the light characteristics of these two periods, and show the meaning of the work through light rendering.
Blue time period
The picture above is the same shot in Bombo. The gloomy and heavy blues period is completely different from the splendid and dazzling golden period.
Various weather light types
Understand the different types of light that appear in various weather, and use the form and color of light to help express the mood and atmosphere of the photo.
The variety of light is the most abundant in sunny weather, and both prime time and blues time are creative spaces. But the sky with clouds and no clouds will be different. Clouds will make the picture more vivid. High-altitude clouds have more colorful changes during the golden hours than low-altitude clouds, and there will be a transition from red to orange to golden yellow. If high-altitude clouds and low-altitude clouds are staggered, the photo will be more layered and more three-dimensional. The distribution of cloud cover can be analyzed through weather forecast websites and satellite cloud images.
The light in cloudy days is mostly scattered light, and the sky is covered by low clouds. Even during golden hours, sunlight may not penetrate the thick clouds, so it is cloudy to shoot Most of the photos are blues.
In the early stage of shooting scenery, I always looked forward to the weather with red clouds. I also did various researches. There was a snobbery of “no red, no shooting”. Until the bad weather shooting experience in Northern Europe gave me a renewed understanding of the concept of good weather, and finally realized the true meaning of “extreme weather produces big movies”.
Although the cloudy sky does not have brilliant colors, you can use long exposure to capture the flowing feeling of clouds.
The photo was taken in Thredbo, NSW. The left picture shows the colorful clouds at sunrise in the early morning, and the right picture shows sunny turning overcast. Afterwards, dark clouds at dusk.
It is difficult to give an accurate and proper definition of atmosphere. This is a feeling that can only be expected and cannot be explained. It is photography The teacher conveys the emotions and feelings to the audience through various renderings. Rain, fog, snow and other weather are excellent materials for creating atmosphere, which can create a serene, tranquil or depressive mood, and can cover up many messy details and simplify the picture.
《The Twilight Mountains 》 The fog creates a sense of hierarchy, similar to the expression of traditional Chinese painting
“Reina in the Snow” freeze the snowflakes flying in the air with a faster shutter speed
“Between Water and Clouds” The sky is drizzling, and the mountains are surrounded by clouds and mist, like water and clouds
Thunderstorms before the storm Strange shape, suitable for expressing a sense of dignity
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