Documentary photography is a relatively more interesting subject matter, and many photographers enjoy it. But to shoot this subject well, you need to have a deep understanding of the subject matter and be able to use and operate the equipment proficiently. The following is a summary of some camera manipulation knowledge for everyone, and I hope it will be helpful to photographers who are new to this type of subject.
Reasonable use of depth of field
Control of depth of field can be used as a photo in documentary photography To add brilliance and brilliance, but with what aperture and what lens focal length, this requires constant accumulation of experience to be able to use it freely. However, some general settings can help you quickly master the shooting.
picture from simon rae
can control the depth of field aperture. In the subject of documentary photography, usually It can be set at f/5.6. This not only ensures a larger aperture, and makes the exposure faster. At the same time, it will not cause too much blurring of the picture due to too large aperture, resulting in unclear expression of the ligand environment.
Nikon official proofs
If the light is too dark, you can open the aperture to increase the exposure speed Faster, so as to ensure the clarity of the picture. In general, documentary photography will not use a too small aperture. For example, an aperture of f/16 will make most objects in the picture clear. In a complex environment, setting a clear environment ligand like this will interfere with the performance of the subject. Large aperture is the most used gear for documentary photography.
Nikon official proofs
Besides the aperture, the focal length of the lens also affects the performance of the depth of field. AF-S NIKKOR 24-70mm f/2.8E ED VR, AF-S NIKKOR 28mm f/1.4E ED, AF-S NIKKOR 35mm f/1.4G, AF-S NIKKOR 50mm f/1.4G, AF -S NIKKOR 85mm f/1.4G are commonly used lenses for documentary photography.
Using medium and short focal lengths, not only can the necessary ligand environment be taken in, but also a larger depth of field can be provided for the picture, which can be used with medium and large apertures , You can control the depth of field with ease.
quickly handle exposure
Exposure is an important part of documentary photography subject to changing shooting environments. Important subject. The “high-light spot metering” mode in Nikon cameras makes exposure processing easy.
Highlight spot metering means that the camera assigns a large proportion to the highlights to reduce the loss of detail in the highlights. This metering method effectively protects the details of the highlights. Using this metering method to shoot, when the light is relatively large, the photos taken will show rich details in the bright parts, while the details of the midtones and dark parts are lost. The details of the dark parts must be restored by later software. This metering mode makes good use of the Nikon camera’s good high tolerance performance, can restore the details of the midtones and shadows, and there is no need to worry too much about the loss of color details. It is a very suitable metering method for the general public, and also very suitable for beginners in photography.
Nikon official sample
Why use this metering mode? This is because in digital image files, after the highlights overflow, the highlight parts cannot be restored in the later stage, and the low-light parts can be processed by the post software to obtain very rich picture details. The highlight metering is to give priority to the protection of areas that may be overexposed, give up the consideration of dark areas, and use the camera’s high tolerance performance and post-processing principles to obtain smart metering results. The photos taken by this metering mode can get a more satisfactory picture after post-adjustment.
If you are using a Nikon full-frame digital mirror Z 7 or Z 6, you can enable the focus contour display function. The camera will automatically detect the edge with the highest contrast in the scene and highlight it with the specified color . In this way, when a person enters the focus range, there will be an obvious focus reminder to help us quickly determine the degree of focus.
The above points can help us improve the shooting level of documentary photography.
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