This article comes from Seying Wuji
Since Panasonic officially released LUMIX S1/S1R in February 2019, in this year’s PhotoTrend interview, the director of Panasonic’s imaging division once expressed that Panasonic hopes to expand its product line and launch it A reasonably priced full-frame mirrorless camera with L-mount. Through two official Panasonic teaser videos, LUMIX S5 appeared in front of the public. On September 2, Panasonic officially released the fourth product of the LUMIX S series, LUMIX S5.
According to Panasonic, LUMIX S5 is a static version of the LUMIX S1 series And video performance is condensed into a highly portable body similar to GH5. If we simply understand LUMIX S5 as a reduced and simplified version of LUMIX S1, this generalization is not accurate. LUMIX S5 has a higher internal recording video specification than LUMIX S1: 4K 60p 4:2:0 10bit, FHD 180fps variable speed. So what are the similarities and differences between LUMIX S5 and LUMIX S1, and what are the advantages of LUMIX S5? The following author compares the parameters of LUMIX S5 and LUMIX S1:
From the parameter comparison, we can see that the image core components of LUMIX S5 and LUMIX S1 should be the same. The main advantage of LUMIX S1 is continuous shooting Speed, maximum continuous shooting, viewfinder specifications, screen resolution, anti-shake performance, while the LUMIX S5 uses a side-opening flip screen, the body is smaller and lighter, and the video function is stronger. On the whole, Panasonic LUMIX S5 is not simply a low-end version of LUMIX S1, but is intended to enhance video capabilities and is a portable photo/video hybrid camera.
Left: GH5 Right: S5
The body design of Panasonic LUMIX S5 is in the same line as LUMIX S1/S1R, taking the tough and square route, and the body size is more compact, about 132.6 x 97.1 x 81.9 The mm measurements are obviously a circle smaller than the LUMIX S1/S1R, which has changed Panasonic’s previous impression of a “big single”. Based on the results of this “slimming”, the LUMIX S5 is similar in size and weight to its own M4/3 system LUMIX GH5, and is on the same level as Canon and Nikon’s full-frame mirrorless main models.
LUMIX S5 body is composed of a complete die-cast body of magnesium alloy, and has a splash/dust-proof design. With the best layout of heat dissipation components, heat can be effectively transferred to the outside, so that long-term stable and continuous video recording. Let’s talk about some details of the changes between LUMIX S5 and LUMIX S1/S1R.
On the front of the camera, there are three LUMIX S1/S1R on the left side of the mount Button, LUMIX S5 canceled a Fn button. In the lower right corner of the bayonet, Panasonic also cancelled the Fn lever
The biggest change of the Panasonic LUMIX S5 is at the top of the camera. The overall layout is similar to that of the LUMIX G95. The LUMIX S5 splits the left shoulder double dial of the LUMIX S1 into two. The left shoulder has an independent drive mode dial. However, because the right shoulder cancels the shoulder screen, The shooting mode dial on the upper left shoulder is moved to the right shoulder. It should be noted that the LUMIX S5 shooting mode dial axis does not have a lock button.
The right shoulder of the camera, LUMIX S5 has several designs and LUMIX G95 Consistent: The shooting mode dial is equipped with a power switch, the front dial is set around the shutter, and the red video recording button is the same as the LUMIX S1H, which is very obvious on the right shoulder. From this design, we can see that this camera attaches great importance to video Function, the user can press the button in a more obvious position.
The electronic viewfinder specifications of LUMIX S5 are compared to LUMIX S1/S1R There is a significant reduction. The accuracy of about 2.36 million points and the magnification of about 0.74 times are relatively low among the full-frame mirrorless. If it is a video user who mainly uses screen viewfinder, it does not matter, but for users who mainly use EVF viewfinder to take pictures, The viewing experience of this camera is significantly different from that of the LUMIX S1 series.
Panasonic LUMIX S5 back button design is similar to LUMIX S1/S1R, However, some simplifications have been made due to the smaller body size. The LUMIX S5 moved the LVF switch button on the side of the “Warship Head” to the left side of the viewfinder and cancelled the operation lock lever. The AF mode button, focus mode lever, AF ON button, joystick, Q button, control dial, MENU/SET button, etc. are all similar to LUMIX S1/S1R, except that the length of the joystick is a bit short. In the AF mode button, AF Between the two “high” buttons of the ON button, blind operation is not easy to touch. Panasonic combined the cancel button and delete button under the control dial, and the DISP button was moved to the outside.
LUMIX S5 does not use the LUMIX S1 series of folding screen design, but the same as the LUMIX GH5, equipped with a side-opening flip screen, which can not only flip up and down but also You can turn to the front to take a selfie. This 3.0-inch LCD display has a resolution of 1.84 million, slightly lower than the LUMIX S1 series, and can provide touch control. It should be noted that this kind of side-axis flip screen may block the interface plug-in line or affect the screen rotation after plug-in.
For the interface, under the two rubber covers on the side of the Panasonic LUMIX S5, From top to bottom are the external microphone jack, headphone jack, HDMI, USB-C. It should be noted that LUMIX S5 uses micro HDMI D type instead of the standard HDMI A type interface of LUMIX S1 series, which is less robust.
In terms of battery life, Panasonic LUMIX S5 uses the new DMW-BLK22 lithium Battery. This battery has a capacity of 2200mAh similar to that of Canon and Nikon’s latest generation batteries. The DMW-BLK22 battery capacity is between the DMW-BLJ31GK of the LUMIX S1 series and the DMW-BLF19 of the LUMIX S GH5. It should be noted that LUMIX S5 is not compatible with LUMIX S1 series batteries, while DMW-BLK22 of LUMIX S5 can be used on LUMIX S GH5, LUMIX S G9 and other models. In turn, DMW-BLF19 does not support LUMIX S5. Although the battery capacity of LUMIX S5 is reduced, considering the reduction of EVF and LCD resolution, the five-axis anti-shake performance has also been reduced. The final battery life can reach about 440 frames, which is on the same level as the 420 frames of LUMIX S1. In addition, LUMIX S5 can also be charged via USB-C, but the charging speed is slower than LUMIX S1 series.
In terms of storage, LUMIX S1/S1R uses XQD+SD dual cards Slot design, where XQD card slot is compatible with CF Express. Although it is a dual card slot, there are two types of memory cards, whether it is XQD or CF Express, new memory cards are not only expensive but also require a dedicated card reader, which increases the purchase cost. LUMIX S5 uses a dual SD card slot design, in which card slot 1 supports UHS-II, this detail change is more user-friendly. Of course, it is a pity that the dual card slots support UHS-II.
In addition to the LUMIX S5 body, Panasonic has launched the S 20-60mm F3.5-5.6 in order to meet the needs of users for lightness and Vlog. This lens is small and light, with a 20mm ultra-wide angle, which is very suitable for users to take Vlog. Bring environmental background.
On the menu interface and function settings, LUMIX S5 inherits most of the content of LUMIX S1/S1R. Here are a few functions:
LUMIX S5 provides automatic switching, mechanical shutter, electronic front Curtain shutter, electronic shutter, electronic shutter + slow shutter noise reduction options. Among them, the mechanical shutter and the electronic shutter can reach a maximum of 1/8000 second, and the maximum shutter speed of opening the electronic front curtain shutter is limited to 1/2000 second.
LUMIX S5 Using advanced deep learning technology, it can detect specific objects-humans and fast-moving animals, including canines, cats and birds. Especially for people, in addition to eyes, faces, and bodies, real-time detection technology can also individually identify the head to provide more precise focus. On the other hand, improvements to DFD technology enhance AFC, which also enables users to always track small or fast-moving objects so that they can be captured with clear focus when the shutter is released. This time LUMIX S5 uses the latest algorithm, both static and dynamic AF are improved.
From the actual shooting point of view, according to the distance of the character, when the whole body is Perform body recognition, and the proportion of faces increases when approaching for facial recognition, and when turning around, perform head recognition. The addition of head recognition can well connect the focus tracking when the person turns and the face disappears.
LUMIX S5 Integrated body five-axis anti-shake. Panasonic has developed an algorithm that can accurately calculate jitter information not only from the gyroscope sensor but also from the image sensor and acceleration sensor. This allows more accurate shake detection and compensation, which can reduce the shutter speed by 5 gears. Combine body camera and O.I.S. The 5-axis Dual I.S in the LUMIX S series of lenses. 2 The correction capability is maximized, and the shutter speed can be reduced by 6.5 stops. In contrast, LUMIX S1 dual-effect I.S. It can achieve the highest 7-speed effect, and LUMIX S5 is slightly weaker than LUMIX S1 in terms of data.
From the real shooting point of view, when the anti-shake is turned off, the picture shakes up and down obviously when moving, but the picture is already “shaking the mountains and the ground” when running; After the axis anti-shake, the up and down shaking when walking is obviously reduced, and the screen shaking when running is also suppressed to a certain extent, but the five-axis anti-shake will bring a certain left and right pull to the screen.
High resolution mode
LUMIX S5 Like LUMIX S1R/S1, it supports high-resolution mode, using the body IS. Mechanism to automatically shoot 8 consecutive images while moving the sensor. These 8 images are synthesized into one image by the Venus Engine. LUMIX S5 and LUMIX S1 can be combined into 96 million pixel photos. This mode is suitable for using a tripod to take photos of landscapes or still life that contain static objects. Considering that the scene contains moving objects, you can use sub-options to suppress motion blur.
high resolution Mode image quality comparison capture location
Left: 24M Right: 96M Center
Left: 24M Right: 96M edge
From the real shots of buildings, the 96 million pixel picture size is larger, and 100% of the details of the building picture are more than 24 million pixel pictures More and more clear, even at the edge of the picture, it can also provide a clearer picture. Of course, due to the synthesis of multiple shots, the car driving on the road will become multiple ghost images. It is recommended that users use this mode to take some static things. In addition, it should be noted that compared to LUMIX S1, LUMIX S5 has a new 48 million pixel mode, which allows users to have a compromise choice.
High-sensitivity image quality test
LUMIX S5, like LUMIX S1, is equipped with approximately 24.2 million effective pixels CMOS sensor, realizing the usual sensitivity range of ISO 100-51200. In order to verify its high-sensitivity image quality, I used the camera with S 20-60mm F3.5-5.6 lens, set to RAW+JPG, matrix metering, custom white balance, focal length 50mm, aperture f/8.0. As currently Adobe Camera RAW does not support LUMIX S5 RAW files, the following uses SILKYPIX Developer Studio 8 SE to solve RAW and turn off noise reduction for image quality testing
Sensitivity test interception position
Left: RAW right: JPG
From the test results, LUMIX S5 is within ISO800, the picture is clear and clean, and there is no noise effect; up to ISO1600, the RAW picture starts to appear noise, making the picture rough, JPG is good to keep the picture clean due to noise reduction ；ISO3200-6400, the color noise in the RAW image gradually increases, while the JPG still keeps the image clean due to noise reduction, but there is a slight smear; when it rises to ISO12800-25600, the color noise of the RAW image is significantly increased, and the JPG noise reduction intensity increases. The picture is meaty; ISO 102400-204800, RAW images have dense red and green noises, ISO204800 is even more discolored, while JPG images have obvious noise reduction and more detail loss. Judging from the test results, the high-sensitivity performance of LUMIX S5 is comparable to that of LUMIX S1, with better low-light image quality.
As for latitude, the sensor of LUMIX S1 performs well under native ISO100, while the sensor of LUMIX S5 is the same. In theory, LUMIX S5 can continue the advantages of LUMIX S1. The author adopts the “violent reduction” test method. The camera uses ISO 100, F8 aperture, and performs +2, +1, -1, -2, -3 exposure compensation on the basis of normal exposure respectively, so that the overexposure and underexposure are serious. Put the RAW photos in SILKYPIX Developer Studio 8 SE to solve the RAW, and restore the exposure to the opposite degree.
Left: Original image, Right: After adjustment
+1EV pull back to the part
+2EV pull back the part
+3EV pull back to the local
From the “violent” test, +1 overexposure In this case, this Panasonic camera can achieve a good “restore”; in the case of +2 overexposure, most details can be pulled back, and the white highlight part is more difficult to pull back; in the case of +3 overexposure, We can see that the highlight part has been difficult to pull back, and the screen has a color cast.
-1EV pull Back to the part
- 2EV pull back the part
-3EV pull back the part
Look at the underexposure restoration again. The -1 and -2 cameras can basically achieve perfect restoration, and the picture is very pure. When the underexposure is lowered to -3 stop, the dark part of this Panasonic camera will become slightly rough, but it is still better. The performance of LUMIX S5 is basically the same as LUMIX S1.
4K ultra-definition video
4K specification setting
4K 60p video screenshot
4K 30p video screenshot
LUMIX S5 supports up to 4K 60p / 50p 4:2:0 10bit and 4K 30p / 25p 4:2:2 10bit internal recording. It also has the capability of 4K 60p / 50p 4:2:2 10bit HDMI output. For 4K 30p / 25p 4:2:0 8bit recording, there is no time limit, and the video specification above 150Mbps is limited to 30 minutes.
4K 30p standard
4K 30p V-Log
LUMIX S5 provides a dynamic range of more than 14 stops, It is as wide as a movie camera, and has V-Log / V-Gamut compatibility, and comes with a popular colorimetric method called “VariCam Look”. V-Log presents a very flat image while retaining all the color information in the image. This means that when the image goes through the post-production process, it can play a greater effect. The CMOS sensor of LUMIX S5 realizes a wide color gamut called V-Gamut, which is the best color space of S5, and realizes a wider color space than BT.2020. Users can download 35 conversion LUTs for VariCam movie cameras for free for use in LUMIX S5. It is easy to match the color tone with the material recorded in the V-Log of S1H/S1 and V-Log L of GH5/GH5S. Utilities such as waveform monitor and V-Log View Assist are also provided.
LUMIX S5 also provides a variety of recording formats and modes, including 4:3 anamorphic mode, slow motion and fast motion, 4K/60p interval shooting and 4K HDR.
”Slow and Fast” mode
In the “slow and fast” mode, LUMIX S5 can provide video slow motion and fast motion 4K or FHD. In this mode, you can also use AF to focus. It should be noted that when the frame rate is set to 150 fps or higher, the AF mode will switch to MF, and when the frame rate is set to 180 fps, the angle of view will decrease. When the continuous recording time exceeds 30 minutes, the recording stops. Users can also use the mode dial to directly access the SQ mode.
From the actual shooting point of view, the 3x slow mode can well show the subtle changes in the finger press and the flames at the moment the lighter is lit. If you set the shooting frame rate to 24, you can get a slower effect.
Dual native ISO
LUMIX S5 has Dual native ISO sensitivity, this is the first technology introduced in the VariCam series of Panasonic professional movie cameras. Generally, when using a single basic ISO image sensor, the sensitivity will increase as the noise increases. However, the image sensor with Dual Native ISO in LUMIX S5 minimizes noise generation by selecting the best circuit based on sensitivity before gain processing. Therefore, it can record ISO 51200 high sensitivity to the greatest extent. Dual native ISO provides film creators with more artistic choices and the ability to use less light in the scene, thus saving time. The dual native ISO normal modes of LUMIX S5 are 100 and 640, the V-Log mode is 640 and 4000, the HLG mode is 400 and 2500, and the Cinelike D2/Cinelike V2 mode is 200 and 1250. It should be noted that the dual native ISO of the LUMIX S5 runs automatically. The previously launched LUMIX S1H can be selected from Auto, Low and High.
On the video, in addition to LUMIX S5 compared to LUMIX S1, only supports MOV and MP4, canceled AVCHD, 4K 30p 10bit can not be without time limit. Other LUMIX S5 have more advantages. LUMIX S1 can support 4K 60p / 50p 4:2:0 8bit, V-Log even if the highest paid upgrade is available, not to mention the “slow and fast” mode, dual native ISO, deformation mode, etc. .
In addition, Panasonic plans to further improve the performance of LUMIX S5 in 2020 Firmware update for LUMIX S5 before the end of the year. In addition to C4K video recording, it will also support the output of RAW video data to ATOMOS NINJAV at a resolution of 5.9K via HDMI. 29.97p/25p, 4K59.94p/50p and deformation 3.5K/50p. A variety of video recording auxiliary functions, such as vectorscope display, main base adjustment and SS/gain operation will also be available. Added two new Leica “photo styles” L.MonochromeS and L.ClassicNeo. The video specifications of LUMIX S5 will be closer to LUMIX S1H after the firmware update, while LUMIX S1 does not currently have this treatment.
Real shot samples
The following is the lens I used with Panasonic LUMIX S5 to be S 20-60mm F3.5-5.6. Sample photos taken
passed In the previous evaluation, we can see that the Panasonic LUMIX S5 is a brand-new positioning product. Panasonic has always advocated photo/video hybrid application cameras. The GH series and S1H allow Panasonic to taste the sweetness of video machines, and the LUMIX S5 enhanced video is also A matter of course.
Currently Panasonic S series, LUMIX S5 is in EVF/ The screen resolution, continuous shooting speed, anti-shake performance and other aspects of the LUMIX S1 and LUMIX S1 more or less gaps, but the majority of users who buy Panasonic cameras focus on video applications, LUMIX S5 side flip screen, high video specifications, smaller and smaller Light body, dual SD cartoon usability, etc. are more attractive. Although the official guide price of the Panasonic LUMIX S5 body is as high as 13,998 yuan, the Panasonic online and offline pre-sale promotion price is 11998 yuan, and the promotion price of Sigma 45mm f/2.8 DG DN is equivalent to the guide price, which undoubtedly greatly improves this. The price/performance ratio of this product is currently the most competitive product in the L mount.
In addition, for LUMIX S1, there is news that Panasonic will provide it in the future The free firmware upgrade enables it to have the video specifications and new features on the LUMIX S5. If this happens, it will not only widen the gap between LUMIX S1 and LUMIX S5, but also appease old LUMIX S1 users.
1. It is consistent with the still image quality of LUMIX S1
2. Supports five-axis anti-shake, video supports electronic anti-shake
3. Support side flip screen, convenient for selfie
4. Support internal recording 4K 60p/50p 4:2:0 10bit, 4K 30p / 25p 4:2:2 10bit
5. Compared with S1 series AF, it has improved performance and supports head detection function
6. Support SQ mode, FHD 180fps variable speed
7. The body supports USB-C charging and power supply
8. Dual SD card slots, good compatibility, can be backed up
9. Support dual native ISO, V-Log, etc.
10. Compared with the S1 series, the body is more compact and lighter
There is no time limit for video specifications below 11.150Mbps
12. Support 5.9K RAW external recording
1. Continuous shooting speed is low
2.4K 60p/50p video is cropped obviously
3. PD fast charge is not supported
4. It adopts a new type of battery and is not compatible with S1 series.
5. The EVF and screen resolution are not as good as S1 series
6. Only card slot 1 supports UHS-II
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