“The Godfather of Silicon Valley”: Technology Promotes World Prosperity

  Original title: “The Godfather of Silicon Valley”: Technology Promotes World Prosperity

   American computer scientist Professor John Hennessy created a streamlined instruction computer architecture, which had a lasting impact on the computer industry . As a result, Professor Hennessy won the Turing Award, the world’s highest award in the field of computing, in 2018.

   On October 30 this year, Professor Hennessy will be invited to participate in the 3rd World Top Scientists Forum and give a speech on artificial intelligence. In an interview before attending the conference, Professor Hennessy conveyed his views on how large technology giants maintain innovation through the Top Scientist Forum.

  University is the source of innovation

  Professor Hennessy was not only the president of Stanford University, but also the chairman of Google’s parent company Alphabet. He has excellent experience in the professional transformation of academic achievements. He has successfully licensed more than 8,000 patents from Stanford University to enterprises, bringing more than 1.3 billion US dollars in patent fees to the school.

   He was also an early investor in Yahoo and Google, two of Silicon Valley’s earliest technology companies, and he founded two companies including the computer company MIPS. In 2018, Professor Hennessy became the global chairman of Google’s parent company Alphabet.

   The RISC architecture ecosystem is a computing brain created by Professor Hennessy and another computer scientist David Patterson. The RISC architecture has now developed to the fifth generation of RISC-V. RISC-V and MIPS and ARM architecture together constitute the world’s three major computer architectures.

  Professor Hennessy has been working and entrepreneurial in Silicon Valley for a long time, so he won the title of “Silicon Valley” godfather. When talking about the “Silicon Valley Model”, Professor Hennessy divided it into four areas, including innovation, talent, capital and culture.

   He said: “The source of innovation is mainly universities.” In Silicon Valley, Stanford University, University of California, Berkeley and California Institute of Technology are important sources of innovation. Professor Hennessy encouraged Chinese universities to also support innovation.

   He also emphasized that the most important thing for entrepreneurial success is tolerance for failure. “To achieve a great cause, you need to take risks. You will definitely encounter failures and setbacks.” Professor Hennessy said, “I used to think that some companies would be very successful, but they didn’t succeed in the end. This is not a failure of entrepreneurship. It’s not even the end of someone’s career. If you think it’s a good bet, it’s worth a try.”

  Reduce the cost of industrialization and promote innovation by large companies

  As the global chairman of Google’s parent company Alphabet, Professor Hennessy said that Google is more than 30 times bigger than when he first joined the board of directors. “This brings a series of different challenges.” He said, “Because Google has grown into one of the world’s largest technology companies, a large company with many types of products, it is more difficult to maintain innovation. But on the other hand From a point of view, this also allows you to have enough resources to do big things.” He said that only the investment of large companies can quickly reduce the cost of industrialization. Taking Google’s self-driving technology company Waymo as an example, Professor Hennessy believes that autonomous driving as an emerging thing has a good prospect, but its commercialization and profitability depend on two aspects. The first is when the technology can become good enough. , Safe enough; The second is when the price can be more competitive.

   He believes that there are many factors that affect the popularization of autonomous driving technology, such as the cost of sensors and computers. “If we can make some breakthroughs in this area, such as the production of low-cost sensors, which will have a huge impact, then we will be able to produce self-driving cars in a cost-effective model.” Professor Hennessy Said.

   In the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, US technology giants have shown sufficient “resilience” to deal with the crisis. At present, five major technology companies including Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Amazon have accounted for 23% of the market capitalization of the S&P 500 Index.

Professor    Hennessy said that the reason why U.S. technology giants can show “flexibility” in the epidemic is that technology companies are mostly knowledge and service-based industries, rather than physical goods. Basic industries; on the other hand, most of the work in the technology industry can be done remotely. He believes that in the future, companies will increase the flexibility of working from home, and schools will also increase the use of distance education models.

   However, while the technology giants are making huge profits, they are under greater regulatory pressure from government agencies. Last week, the US government launched the largest antitrust lawsuit against Google in more than 20 years. The US Department of Justice accused Google of stifling competition and maintaining its dominant position in the online search and advertising market by suppressing competitors. U.S. congressmen also pressured to split large technology companies.

Professor    Hennessy said that in a macro environment where anti-globalization sentiment is high, the global trade pattern is facing changes, and the economic downturn is intensifying, countries can only find a way out through cooperation. He believes that these cooperations are manifested in many aspects such as science and economy. “All parts of the world need to be closely connected, we need to think more from a global perspective, how to promote the common prosperity of the world, and technology can play a role in it.” He said.

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